How nutrition affects cardiovascular diseases?

We all know that nutrition has a huge impact on the well-being of the body. A proper diet guarantees not only good health, but also beautiful skin and a slim figure. But how are nutrition and cardiovascular diseases related? Is it necessary to use a special menu for those who suffer from any pathology of the heart and blood vessels, and which diet will be most useful for the circulatory system?

Heartwarming signals: when to think about nutrition?

Cardiovascular problems are considered the most common cause of death in the world - about 17.5 million people die annually from heart and vascular pathologies, more than 80% of which occur in low- and middle-income countries. Both men and women suffer from circulatory system diseases almost equally.

Cholesterol

Alarming "bells" appear suddenly: people begin to worry about light dizziness along with fatigue, frequent drops in strength, the inability to calmly withstand the heat and temperature changes. After that, there are more serious symptoms - pain in the heart, breathlessness, heart rate fluctuations, its seemingly unreasonable overstep. It is important not to put the problem in a long box, and immediately go to the doctor to not only identify the problem, but also in time to correct the diet - a healthy diet with heart problems is able to regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels, "nourish" the heart muscle and help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Feed your heart properly.

In his time the great Greek healer, doctor and philosopher said a phrase that still finds echoes in every human life. "We are what we eat" is how much meaning is put into this simple quote. Abuse of alcohol, harmful fats, cholesterol, sweets - all of this can lead to deterioration in the well-being of absolutely any person.

Have you ever wondered how many times a week you heat oil in a frying pan before roasting, drink coffee, energy or carbonated beverages that often contain caffeine, eat fast food seasoned with a huge amount of flavour additives? Today's harsh realities are such that we often have to fall asleep and wake up at uncomfortable times, have breakfast in a hurry (or even refuse to eat early), limited to a portion of espresso with milk at the filling station or a sandwich from a fast food restaurant.

Breakfast is the most important meal in our hearts. It should contain protein, fats and carbohydrates in the right proportion. Protein is the building material of the body. Fats often scare people, but it is they who regulate the nervous system, participate in the process of activation or slowdown of blood clotting, produce hormones, including sex. But carbohydrates are energy, performance and good mood. The perfect breakfast is enough cereal, protein and vegetables, fruits.

Some people wrongly assume that the diet for heart disease is tasteless and monotonous. However, a diet for the cardiovascular system can be interesting and useful at the same time: the main thing is to know what foods are worth including in your diet. A therapeutic diet is designed to slightly reduce calories, limit the amount of sodium chloride and increase the consumption of dishes containing potassium and magnesium, as well as add food that has an alkalizing effect (dairy products, fruits and vegetables). Hard to digest positions and salt are completely eliminated from the day menu.

nutrition and cardiovascular diseases

Allowed foods can be referred to:

  • bread and other wholemeal products, diet cookies;
  • soups with sour cream and herbs, chopped vegetables;
  • lean poultry and fish meat - boiled or baked;
  • fermented milk products;
  • eggs (not more than 1 piece per day, you can cook, bake, cook protein omelette);
  • cereal porridge on water or milk;
  • fruits and vegetables of any kind;
  • loose tea, coffee with milk, decoction of rosehip fruits - not often and with care.

But to abstain from fresh pastry, pancakes and flapjacks, soups on meat or fish broth. Also excluded are by-products, canned meat, fatty meats and fish, salty, fried or cooked rolled eggs. The number of canned vegetables, spinach, sorrel, radish and garlic in the diet should be limited. Spicy and smoked snacks, chocolate, cakes and natural coffee and cocoa should be avoided as much as possible. All these products put a strain on your heart. According to diet number 10, the main meals and snacks should be included in 2500-2600 calories. It is best to eat fractionally, given that the daily diet should include 90 grams of protein (55-60% - animal origin), 70 grams of fat (25-30% - vegetable origin) and 350-400 grams of carbohydrates.

 

physical activity

A little bit about physical activity.

Most heart disease is caused by a bad lifestyle. If your daily diet consists of lots of red meat, animal fats, salt or sweets, you increase the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attack. However, deepening your diet is only the first step towards healing your heart. It is also important not to start motor activity, because dosed walking and morning exercise can reduce the probability of heart disease in several times!

So, how do physical exercise improve the health of the cardiovascular system?

Sport should be present in every person's life. One person will only need to do a light morning exercise, which will also help to tune in for the day, while others will have to work hard on their body while visiting the gym. Each person should take about 8000 steps per day, the best time is in the morning. Such motor activity will start all the mechanisms in the body, help to adapt to the load of both body and heart. In addition, even leisurely walking helps to burn calories, maintain normal weight. Interesting information about physical activity for the heart tells Sergei Bubnovsky - Doctor of Medical Sciences and author of many works on the treatment of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.

It is interesting to know that cardiologists almost never treat patients-conductors, and all because they simply do not exist. People with this profession use three types of muscles at once: biceps, triceps and forearm muscles, which allows them to support the heart by strengthening blood vessels, filling it with oxygen.