(ESB) is a group of characteristic mental and somatic symptoms that result from chronic stress. This syndrome is commonly referred to as a profession that requires close contact with people. It is most often attributed to health workers, nannies, caregivers and parents who have difficulty raising their children. What does emotional exhaustion mean? How do you define "burnout" and help yourself or a loved one?
Emotional burnout is a multidimensional disorder, interrelated psychological and psychopathological disorders that can occur in people practicing certain professions.
Initially, burnout syndrome was related only to professions in which work is based on interaction with another person. The risk group consisted primarily of social workers and guardians in various types of institutions, therapists, probation officers, police officers, health workers, teachers, prison staff, consultants, flight attendants. Today, however, it is believed that burnout may also affect people who only have indirect contact with others and those whose work is not important with the client (e.g. architects). The physical and emotional exhaustion of this group of people has similar dynamics.
Like many psychological concepts, burnout has many definitions. Herbert Freudenberger, an American psychologist of German origin, has managed to change several professions during his whole life, to observe the dynamics of development of chronic fatigue, stress and even toxicomania, to write several books that have become helpers for psychologists and psychotherapists (the most famous are "Situation Alert", "American Psychologist" and "Burnout: the high price of high achievements"). The author himself defines burnout syndrome as a state that slowly crystallizes during a long period of constant stress and involvement of all vital energy, which ultimately has a negative impact on motivation, beliefs and behavior.
But the leading American social psychologist and educator Elliot Aronson, who as one of the researchers introduced the concept of burnout in German psychology, sees this syndrome as a state of physical, mental and emotional exhaustion caused by long-term involvement in situations that are emotionally burdensome.
The definitions of burnout syndrome vary between the two psychologists, but most agree that burnout is a state of frustration and exhaustion resulting from strong mental, emotional and physical commitment to work to such an extent that the person eventually begins to lack the motivation and strength to maintain commitment at the current level.
"Burning out" starts gradually. In the beginning, a person tries to prove something to himself unsuccessfully, spends all his energy on it, works on wear and tear and ignores his own needs, after which apathy begins, there is a search for the culprits of failures, the work absorbs not only all free time, but also life. As a result - irritation and constant discontent with others, isolation from others, unwillingness to fulfill their obligations, because "who cares". The peak of emotional burnout - the abandonment of their own hopes and desires, and the logical conclusion - the emergence of physical and mental collapse, accompanied by suicidal tendencies.
What are the main symptoms of emotional burnout that can be observed by a person who has experienced emotional burnout?
Sometimes working stress can lead to serious health problems. It is noteworthy that emotional burnout can be exacerbated by rapid deterioration of health: everything starts with a common cold and ends with serious heart disease.
What is the treatment for emotional burnout that can be offered to those who have recently experienced this common condition? If a reader of this article has noticed at least one symptom mentioned in the list above, it is time for him to change something in his own life.
Emotional burnout syndrome appears invisibly and goes off slowly. The consequences of prolonged work stress can easily be confused with a banal cold or the presence of a bad boss. If you quickly understand (or at least feel) the symptoms of emotional burnout, you can limit yourself to a week of inactivity on a sunny beach near a warm sea or enjoying the sound of waves crashing against a rock during a fabulous sunset.