Alopecia: why do you lose your hair and how do you treat it?

Hair loss can be seasonal, appear after pregnancy or improper weight loss, due to which the body does not receive useful substances.

Periodical alopecia is nothing more than excessive hair loss during a certain period, which occurs due to the appearance of factors causing baldness. The disease is not chronic and is eliminated naturally over time. Periodical alopecia may be the result of adverse weather conditions (seasonal hair loss), long-term weakness, poor nutrition. Also, the hair often falls out during the period of carrying a child or after birth.

Reasons for periodic hair loss

Reasons for periodic hair loss

Frost, wind, sudden temperature changes, heating, dry air, wearing hats - all this can cause seasonal hair loss. In autumn and winter, the scalp and hair are exposed to extreme weather conditions. Dry air in heated rooms also does not improve the appearance of hair. In turn, wearing hats and other headgear can cause irritation to the scalp.

In autumn and winter, the hair may fall out excessively, not only due to unfavorable reasons - many people are fighting with colds during this period. The reason for periodic alopecia may also be the general weakness of the body and the lack of certain healthy products in the diet.

Periodical alopecia may also occur during or after pregnancy - it is the result of hormonal changes, due to which the hair goes into the phase of the body (does not grow, comes out of the follicle and falls short). After pregnancy (of course, not immediately!) the problem with alopecia passes by itself.

Signs and diagnosis of periodic alopecia

A characteristic feature of periodic baldness is hair loss on the entire surface of the scalp. Most often, this process occurs a few weeks after the appearance of the factor affecting the hair loss.

For an accurate diagnosis of seasonal alopecia, hair loss after pregnancy or any other type of periodic baldness, you need to consult a cosmetologist-trichologist. During the visit, a detailed survey and examination with a trichoscope is conducted, which allows you to see the slightest irregularities in the hair structure. Thanks to this professional diagnostics, you can learn about:

  • type of alopecia;
  • hair condition;
  • the phase of hair growth.

Signs and diagnosis of periodic alopecia

It is the doctor-trichologist who will be able to diagnose and determine the optimal, individual therapy plan. By the way, the most effective solution for hair loss is professional trichological procedures:

  • mesotherapy - is the application of active ingredients directly on the skin with a needle or special apparatus;
  • carboxytherapy - is the process of introducing subcutaneous carbohydrate dioxide, which improves microcirculation and dilates vessels;
  • cryomassage - consists in the slight freezing of tissues with nitrous oxide, which leads to the stimulation of biological regeneration of the skin;
  • hair cocktails - consists of the introduction of nourishing components, often peptides and hyaluronic acid, into the skin;
  • UVA/UVB/PUVA-therapy - consists in the treatment of the scalp with UV rays (more often used in case of focal alopecia).

Therapeutic procedures are the best way to treat periodic alopecia. Before starting therapy, it is necessary to visit a trichologist and conduct professional diagnostics. In the end, this specialist will choose a specific treatment and tell you how to quickly restore hair density.